A thangka depicting Amitabha Buddha Pureland (Sukhavati)
15th century Tibet
80cm x 86cm
The red central figure represents Amitabha, the “Infinite Light”, one of the Five Transcendent Buddha, in the Sukhavati Heaven. He displays dhyana mudra and holds a begging bowl. Sitting on a throne with lotus petals and peacocks, he is flanked by his two bodhisattvas, Avalokiteshvara and Mahastahamaprapta.
The composition of the painting is in square format, with the largest figure of Amitabha in the centre, the remaining space clockwise from the top register shows 1) sixteen buddhas, 2) Akshobhya, 3) Nagaraja, 4) Vairocana, 5) Amitayus, 6) Buddhas and monks, 7) A monk, 8) Medicine Buddha, 9) Padma Sambhava and 10) Prajna Paramita.
Wisdom and Compassion, The Sacred Art of Tibet expanded Edition by Marylin M.Rhie and Robert A.F. Thurman, Tibet House New York 1996, fig.4,220,225,231,234.
Quintessence of returning Tibetan cultural relics from oversea, wen wu chu ban she, p. 093.